Grammar Revision

Some notes from my revision of 1st Year Greek:

Word classes – there are 8

  • verbs
  • nouns
  • pronouns
  • determiners – e.g. the article
  • adjectives
  • prepositions
  • adverbs
  • conjunctions – words that join clauses
  • particles – words that don’t change form

Phrase types – there are 5

  • verb phrase – a verb/predicate and any dependants
  • noun phrase – a noun and any modifiers
  • prepositional phrase – headed by a preposition
  • adjective phrase – a phrase that modifies a noun
  • adverb phrase – a phrase that modifies a verb

Clause elements – there are 7

  • subject (S)
  • verb/predicate (P)
  • direct object (Od)
  • indirect object (Oi)
  • subject complement (Cs)
  • object complement (Co)
  • adverbial (A)

Clause patterns – there are 5

  1. intransitive: S P
  2. monotransitive: S P Od
  3. ditransitive: S P Oi Od
  4. copular: S P Cs
  5. complex transitive: S P Od Oc

Examples of the 5 different patterns (from the Greek teacher)

  1. She (S) was breathing (P).
  2. Jesus (S) healed (P) the blind man (Od).
  3. The disciples (S) had given (P) him (Oi) the loaves (Od).
  4. You (S) are (P) my friends (Cs).
  5. They (S) made (P) him (Od) king (Co).

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s