Luke 4v14-15

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country. 15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up. And as was his custom, he went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and he stood up to read. 17 And the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written…

14 Καὶ ὑπέστρεψεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν τῇ δυνάμει τοῦ πνεύματος εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν. καὶ φήμη ἐξῆλθεν καθ᾽ ὅλης τῆς περιχώρου περὶ αὐτοῦ.

15 καὶ αὐτὸς ἐδίδασκεν ἐν ταῖς συναγωγαῖς αὐτῶν δοξαζόμενος ὑπὸ πάντων.

16 Καὶ ἦλθεν εἰς Ναζαρά, οὗ ἦν τεθραμμένος, καὶ εἰσῆλθεν κατὰ τὸ εἰωθὸς αὐτῷ ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῶν σαββάτων εἰς τὴν συναγωγὴν καὶ ἀνέστη ἀναγνῶναι.

17 καὶ ἐπεδόθη αὐτῷ βιβλίον τοῦ προφήτου Ἠσαΐου καὶ ἀναπτύξας τὸ βιβλίον εὗρεν τὸν τόπον οὗ ἦν γεγραμμένον,

Why do Bible publishers and commentators insist on dividing Luke 4:14-15 from 4:16ff. There are no discourse features which suggest there is a division, in fact there are a lot of cohesive features:

  • There is a long series of καί conjoined clauses running from v14 down to v17 (at least)
  • there is repetition of ‘synagogue’ between v15 and v16 (also v20)
  • and the idea of teaching (v15 cf. vv18-19, 20, 22)
  • the geographical notes are linked (Galilee (v14) and Nazareth (v16)) – this also ties in to later (v22-24)

If Luke had intended vv14-15 to be read separately from v16ff you would expect at the very least, a δέ at the start of v16…?

One thought on “Luke 4v14-15

  1. Maybe the headings of ESV & NIV etc. aren’t the best. Trying to find other structures I thought the chapter could be seen as a group of four occasions of ministry in different places, but that still separates out v14-15 as a unit. Unfortunately there’s a δὲ in v42 while the others sections start with kai.

    1. Jesus’ arrival & ministry in Galilee (v14-15)
    14 Καὶ ὑπέστρεψεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν τῇ δυνάμει τοῦ πνεύματος

    εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν.

    15b δοξαζόμενος ὑπὸ πάντων.

    2. Jesus’ arrival & ministry in Nazareth (v16-30)
    16 Καὶ ἦλθεν
    εἰς Ναζαρά, οὗ ἦν τεθραμμένος,

    22 Καὶ πάντες ἐμαρτύρουν αὐτῷ καὶ ἐθαύμαζον ἐπὶ τοῖς λόγοις τῆς χάριτος τοῖς ἐκπορευομένοις ἐκ τοῦ στόματος αὐτοῦ

    3. Jesus’ arrival & ministry in Capernaum (v30-37)

    31 Καὶ κατῆλθεν
    εἰς Καφαρναοὺμ πόλιν τῆς Γαλιλαίας.

    36 καὶ ἐγένετο θάμβος ἐπὶ πάντας καὶ συνελάλουν πρὸς ἀλλήλους λέγοντες, Τίς ὁ λόγος οὗτος ὅτι ἐν ἐξουσίᾳ…

    38-42 Healing of Simons mother-in-law

    4. Jesus’ arrival & ministry in the desert place (v42-44)
    42 Γενομένης δὲ ἡμέρας ἐξελθὼν ἐπορεύθη
    εἰς ἔρημον τόπον•

    εὐαγγελίσασθαί με δεῖ τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, ὅτι ἐπὶ τοῦτο ἀπεστάλην.

    (drat!! – how come my colour coding/emphasis isn’t showing up??? )

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