Luke 3v3

Culy notes the awkwardness of v3b where three nouns with verbal ideas are all linked together. The phrase is best understood thusly:

  • βάπτισμα – accusative ms; direct object of κηρύσσων “preaching a baptism”

  • μετανοίας – genitive fs; genitive of apposition (there could be multiply ‘types’ of baptism, but John preaches one ‘of repentance’). Culy et al. have “characterised by or associated with repentance”, p103)

  • εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν – prep + accusative fs + genitive fp; purpose clause “with the purpose of forgiveness” + objective genitive (it is the sins which are forgiven, they are the object of the forgiveness).

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