Personal pronouns are those words which take the place of a noun. So in the sentence “Simon learns Aramaic” pronouns could be used to replace the nouns: “he learns Aramaic”, or even “he learns it”.
Pronouns agree with their antecedent (= the noun to which they refer) in number and gender. In the example above, both pronouns are singular, the first (“he”) is masculine (agreeing with “Simon), the second (“it”) is neuter (agreeing with “Aramaic”).
In Aramaic, as in Hebrew and many other languages, pronouns have number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine and feminine, there is no neuter gender). Below is a table of both Hebrew and Aramaic personal pronouns for comparison:
As you can see there are certain similarities and certain overlaps between the two – just enough for them to be quite confusing!