God appoints a fish to deliver Jonah (deliverance not judgement). Commentators differ over exact significance of time frame. Most neglect wider biblical understanding and links with Jesus, his resurrection and words in Matt 12.
Introduces remainder of ch2 as Jonah’s prayer to YHWH – a ‘thanksgiving psalm’ according to Gunkel.
YHWH heard Jonah’s cry for help.
Jonah describes the nature of his distress.
Jonah’s hope in YHWH that he will be rescued. Theodotion’s Gk version reads πως presumably translating אֵיךְ rather than אַךְ. LXX has άρα.
Jonah is drowning
Jonah is facing death, but YHWH brought his life up from the pit.
Jonah remembered YHWH; YHWH heard Jonah
It is useless serving any god except YHWH.
Jonah sacrifices to YHWH and promises to complete vows (cf. sacrifices and vowes of sailors in 1:16). Salvation belongs to YHWH.
Jonah is vomitted onto dry land (ready to be recommissioned).