Commands, Requests and Prohibitions

Commands: either present or aorist imperatives.

Probibition: μη + pres imperative or aorist imperative/subjunctive (3rd/2nd person respectively)

  • Traditional – understanding: present = continuous; aorist = simple or initiation
  • Fanning – present = general; aorist = specific
  • McKay – significance in whether verb is active or stative
  • Porter – significance in aksionsart.

Other forms of directive constructions:

  • imperativial future tense-form
  • imperatival ἱνα + subjunctive
  • imperatival participle
  • imperatival infinitive
  • hortatory subjunctive
  • volitive optative

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